The problem of the successful mission to Mars is not about how fly there, and how to go back. Delivery of fuel to start from Mars will be very expensive and, from every point of view, impractical. Quite another matter if it’s a one-way expedition. NASA is seriously considering this proposal, and littered with statements of volunteers.

The problem of the successful mission to Mars is not about how fly there, and how to go back. Delivery of fuel to start from Mars will be very expensive and, from every point of view, impractical. Quite another matter if it’s a one-way expedition. NASA is seriously considering this proposal, and littered with statements of volunteers.

Renowned physicist and cosmologist Paul Davies (Paul Davies) from Arizona State University and his colleague Dirk Schulze-Makuch (Dirk Schulze-Makuch) from the University of Washington, just published in the Journal of Cosmology extensive article in which he explained the urgency of the expedition outpost on Mars ” without a return ticket. “

In other words, it is assumed that the astronauts will fly to Mars, knowing they would never return. “The flight operated vehicles to Mars – the problem is theoretically feasible, but extremely expensive and requires a tremendous effort (both politically and from a financial point of view). Creative solutions to this problem would be a one-way mission to Mars without returning back to Earth.” In The costs are reduced by several times “- the scientists say.

Indeed, most of the costs of traveling to Mars are not the costs of the flight there and back on the return as it is necessary to bring the fuel needed to start with the Red Planet. According to estimates by NASA, the budget of the flight there and back is about $ 750 billion – even impossibly high sum for the world’s space powers. Expedition to an end, but the value and prospects, has another advantage: there is no need for long-term and risky recovery of astronauts to Earth.

Scientists believe that the earth is alive and adventurous spirit of research Columbus and Amundsen, and offer to prepare and implement a plan of colonization of Mars. However, the schematic plan for the development of already prepared. Initially expected to send two ships to Mars with a crew of two astronauts in each. The second ship on the equipment will be fully duplicate the first.

Thus, the crews will be able to help one another and, if necessary, replace and complement each other. Prior to the arrival of people unmanaged machines delivered to a designated point on Mars, high-tech equipment, materials and food for long-term life support early settlers. In the future, seeks to establish the reproduction of material on the planet, it being understood that in the bound form on Mars and water, and oxygen. However, the term for self-reliance is not fixed, it can last for decades.

Davis, Schulze-Makuch and emphasize that we are not talking about suicide or doomed people to slow death. On the contrary, everything will be thoroughly planned so that the astronauts on the basis of natural cover and well-established supply, were able to build a base camp for absorption of new immigrants. “There are several reasons for the urgency of the base of the colony on Mars: we are very vulnerable in space, as are living in that part of the galaxy, where the probability of different cosmic accidents such as collision with an asteroid or supernova explosion.

This threatens the very existence of life on Earth (and especially mankind). Therefore, the colonization of other worlds – an absolute necessity, if humanity wishes to preserve their civilization. The first objects to the potential colonization may be the Moon and Mars. “Mars is farther, but in many ways more suited to life” – the authors write.

The project’s success will depend on the proper study of the following steps: choosing the place of landing, first organized base for making the choice of the people and the astronauts are ready to stay on Mars for a long time with no hope of return otherwise. Members of the first crews of both sexes should have the reproductive age with term life expectancy of at least twenty years. From a professional point of view, requires the presence of an experimental physicist and engineers generalists, capable of carrying out construction and research.

Amazingly, NASA already has volunteers who meet these conditions. They will solve the problem on Mars is already known to humanity by the first expeditions to America, with the only difference being that the space colonists will have fewer resources and more sophisticated equipment for their own organization of the biosphere and food security. However, the authors stress that psychological expedition to the Arctic and Antarctica have been much more difficult due to the complete lack of communication with the mainland.

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