Another look into what has happened on this day in the past, historical events of note, famous birthdays or any other points of interest that have occurred on this day.
On this day in 1170 Thomas Becket, the archbishop of Canterbury was murdered inside the cathedral by four knights acting upon the orders of the English king, Henry II.
In 1812 in a battle between the USS Constitution and the British ship HMS Java off the coast of Brazil the Java was sunk, not before the ships wheel had been removed to replace the one on the American ship damaged during the battle. Exactly a year later to the day the British burned Buffalo, New York during the same war of 1812.
Not a good day for Buffalo, New York. In 1837 Canadian militia destroyed the US steamboat Caroline while docked in that location. Texas became the 28th state after US President James Polk signed the legislation in 1845. Exactly three years later the same president turned on the first gas light to be used at the White House.
HMS Warrior was launched in Great Britain on this day in 1860, it was the first iron hulled warship and was way ahead of all other warships on the sea at that time.
On this day in 1890 the US Seventh Cavalry massacred an estimated 400 men, women and children at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. This was to be the last major conflict fought between US troops and the Native American Indians.
In 1911, Sun Yat-sen became the first president of the republic of China after the revolution, he was widely regarded as the Founding Father of Republican China during its days as a nationalist state.
The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930 were both renounced by Japan on this day in 1934.
Germany launched its heaviest bombing raid of World War Two on London on this day in 1940.
The first transistorized hearing aid was launched for sale in 1952 by the Sonotone Corporation.
After 36 years of being a weekly publication, ‘Life’ magazine issued its final weekly edition in 1972. it was to return as a monthly magazine.
A bomb was set off inside the main terminal of New York’s LaGuardia Airport in 1975, eleven people were killed in the explosion.
The Biltmore Hotel reopened in Coral Gables, Florida after being closed for eighteen years. The 1986 reopening was after a sum of $47 million was spent on a restoration project.
A battle between thousands of Vietnamese boat people and riot police occurred in Hong Kong in 1989 after a decision to forcibly repatriate some of the refugees.
A 36 year civil war was brought to an end in Guatemala in 1996 after the country’s government and leaders of the leftist Guatemalan National Revolutionary Union signed a peace accord in Guatemala City.
In 1997, 1.25 million chickens, the entire population of these birds in Hong Kong were to be culled to avoid the spread of ‘bird flu.’
Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologized for the genocide committed in the 1970’s in Cambodia. The apology in 1998 was over the estimated loss of one million lives during the conflict.
Famous birthdays on this day include the Marquis de Pompadour in 1721, Charles Goodyear in 1800 and US President Andrew Johnson in 1808. British Prime Minister William Gladstone was born this day in 1809, actor Jon Voight and Mary Tyler Moore both in 1938 with Marianne Faithful being born in 1946. Ted Danson was born in 1947 as was former British drummer Cozy Powell, British actor Jude Law was born on this day in 1972.
As you can see over the years this has been quite an eventful day for a number of very different reasons. Check back to see what the next day in the calendar year has to offer tomorrow.
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