Another look into what has happened on this day in the past, historical events of note, famous birthdays or any other points of interest that have occurred on this day.

On this day in 1146, a sermon preached by Bernard of Clairvaux at Vezelay inspired the assembled crowd to sign up en masse and join the Second Crusade. Many nobles of the day were in the crowd to also add their names to the fight.

 

In 1492, the Alhambra decree was issued jointly by Queen Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand II of Aragon. It ordered all Jews to leave Spain by July 31st of that year or convert to Christianity. It was not revoked until 1968.

 

The Bangorian Controversy, a sermon delivered on this day in 1717 by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor provoked a theological argument within the Church of England.

 

The Chios massacre occurred on this day in 1822, when the inhabitants of the island of Chios close to Greece were slaughtered by the Ottoman Empire, an estimated 20,000 were murdered.

 

The Treaty of Kanagawa was signed in 1854 by Commodore Matthew Perry and the Tokugawa Shogunate. It opened up the Japanese ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to receiving trade from American ships.

 

Bechuanaland was established as a United Kingdom protectorate on this day in 1885, the southern part later became a part of South Africa, the remainder in 1966 became Botswana.

 

The Eiffel Tower in Paris, France was opened on this day in 1889, it was for 41 years the tallest man made structure in the world.

 

Richard Pearse in 1903 made an alleged powered flight in New Zealand, nine months before that of the Wright Brothers. Despite claims of witnesses made many years later there was much speculation as to whether this happened in 1903 or 1904.

 

The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the US was formed on this day in 1906 to set the ruling for amateur sports within the US. It was later renamed as the National Collegiate Athletic Association.

 

In 1917 the Danish West Indies were handed over to the United States by Denmark for a fee of $25 million and then renamed as the US Virgin Islands.

 

Daylight saving time was used for the first time in the US on this day in 1918. The Royal Australian Air Force was formed in 1921, it was the second air force in the world to use the word Royal after the Royal Air Force of the UK.

 

On this day in 1931 an earthquake measuring 6.0 on the Richter scale destroyed much of the city of Managua, Nicaragua. An estimated 2,000 people were killed.

 

In 1933 the Civilian Conservation Corps was established as a way to tackle the problem of unemployment across the US, it was open to unskilled, unmarried men aged between 18 and 25 and provided manual labor for the conservation and development of the natural resources on land owned by federal, state and local governments.

 

The Dominion of Newfoundland became the tenth province of Canada on this day in 1949 and was to be known as Newfoundland and Labrador.

 

The first UNIVAC 1 computer was delivered to the US Census Bureau by Remington Rand on this day in 1951.

 

In the federal election held in Canada in 1958, John Diefenbaker led the Progressive Conservatives to win by the largest percentage of seats in the history of Canadian politics. His party won 208 of the 264 seats available.

 

The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad was ordered on this day in 1980 to liquidate its assets after its final train run because of debts owed to its creditors and bankruptcy.

 

A Mexicana airlines Boeing 727 crashed shortly after takeoff from Mexico City on this day in 1986 and killing all 166 on board. It remains as the worst air crash in Mexico and the worst involving a 727.

 

In London, England in 1990, the Poll Tax riot takes place, an estimated 200,000 protestors assembled in central London to show their feelings against the introduction of this latest form of taxation to be introduced into the UK. The demonstration later turned into a riot and looting that continued until after 3am the next morning.

 

Famous birthdays on this day include Joseph Haydn in 1732, Jack Johnson in 1878, Richard Chamberlain in 1934, Herb Alpert in 1935 and Christopher Walken in 1943. Al Gore was born in 1948, Roger Black in 1966 and Ewan McGregor in 1971.

 

Famous people to have died on this day include Johann Bach in 1703, Sir Isaac Newton in 1727, John Constable in 1837 and Charlotte Bronte in 1855. Anne Frank died on this day in 1945 and Jesse Owens in 1980.

 

As you can see over the years this has been quite an eventful day for a number of very different reasons. Check back to see what the next day in the calendar year has to offer tomorrow. 

 

 

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