Ten Lost Tribes.
12 Tribes of Israel
According to the Hebrew Bible, Jacob had a few girls and 12 boys, namely:
Leah: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dinah (P)
Rachel: Joseph, Benjamin
Bilhah: Dan, Napthali
Zilpah: Gad, Asher
To-12 boys became the father of the 12 tribes of Israel. When Yakob divide the land of Israel to the 12 tribes, the tribe of Levi did not get the part because the tribe is a pastor. Later in development, the tribe succeeded by Joseph Ephraim and Manasseh tribe (Which is the son of Joseph from Egyptian wife named Asenath).
Tribe of Judah, the tribe of Simeon, and the tribe of Benjamin joined to form the kingdom of Judea, which was believed to be the forerunner of the Jewish people living today. Tribe of Levi who have religious duties did not own the land (only controlled the temple area and the remaining 6 cities). While other tribes (Reuben, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Ephraim, Manasseh East and West Manasseh) is part of the Northern Kingdom of Israel that will be expressed as a vanishing tribe.
Northern Kingdom of Israel
Based on the geography, the 12 tribes are divided into:
Eastern Tribes: Tribe Judah, Issachar tribe, tribe Zebulun
Southern Tribes: Tribes Reuben, Simeon Tribes, Tribe of Gad
Western Tribes: Tribes Ephraim, Manasseh tribe, Tribe of Benjamin
Northern Tribes: Tribes And Tribal Asher, Naphtali tribe
After the civil war in the reign of Rehoboam, the son of King Solomon, 10 tribes break away from the main empire and create their own kingdom, namely the kingdom of northern Israel. 10 The tribe is composed of 9 tribes (who own land) that the tribe Zebulun, Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, Dan, Manasseh, Ephraim, Reuben and Gad, and some members of the tribe of Levi who do not own land. Tribe of Simeon is not mentioned at all in the Bible, and many believe that this tribe has been in disarray since the death of Jacob.
Judea, Israel Royal South, had its capital in Jerusalem and led by King Rehoboam. This kingdom has a population of tribes Judah and Benjamin (and also by some members of Levi and Siemon remaining).
Conquest Foreign Nations
In the year 721 BC, Samaria as the capital of the Kingdom of Northern Israel, Assyria invaded by troops (Assyrian) led by Shalmaneser V and Sargon II followed by. And a year later defeated and destroyed Samaria. Finally, residents of the Northern Kingdom of Israel was 10 tribes of Israel exiled and banished to Khorason, which is now part of eastern Iran and western Afghanistan. These tribes dpercaya by Jews has now lost to history.
The war continued even in the middle east. Strong Nations clashing with each other fighting over the Middle East region. In 603SM, the power of the Assyrians replaced by the Babylonians (Babylonia). In the reign of Babylon, the Southern Kingdom of Judah fell, and Jerusalem destroyed (587SM), and there have been in exile in Babylon. 50 years later, 538SM, the Persian Empire seized control of Babylon. Most of the tribe of Benjamin Jehuda and allowed to return to Judea. But the other ten tribes of Israel, the northern kingdom of Israel, never to return, as the two tribes. So they dubbed the “Ten Lost Tribes of Israel” (The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel).
Khazar, Chazar (Russia)
The area is inhabited by the Khazars located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, sandwiched between Ukraine and Kazakhstan. Khazars were originally from the ancient Turkish-Mongol (Hun, or Hsiungnu) who converted to Judaism and successfully established Khazaria, a powerful kingdom in the 7th Century AD to 10th Century AD Jews of Ashkenazi (Eastern European) descent are Khazars. The existence and progress of the people indicated acculturation Khazar Jewish Diaspora (a literate and technologically) with Turkish-Mongol tribe who are illiterate and nomadic life-style.
Pathans / Pashtun (Afghanistan-Pakistan)
Pathans themselves as the children of Israel, even though they are Muslims. Nation Pathans are similar to the custom of ancient Israel. Pathans of the nation now lives in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. They are called Afghans or Pishtus according to language. In Afghanistan, they number around six million people, and in Pakistan seven to eight million people and two million more people to live like a Bedouin tribe. Evidence is interesting is some of the names of the same tribes the tribes of Israel such as the Reuben tribe Harabni, Shinwari tribe is Shimeon, interest Levani – Levi, the tribe Daftani – Naftali, Jaji tribe – Gad, tribe Ashuri – Asher, tribe Yusuf Su, sons of Joseph, the tribe Afridi – Ephraim, and so on. Pashtun or Pathans claim to have some connection with the ancient Kingdom of Israel of the tribe of Benjamin and the house of Saul. According to tradition, Saul have a son named Jeremiah who had a son called Afghana.
Gospel According to 2 Kings, Chronicles 1 and 2, the ten tribes of Israel exiled to Halah, Havor, river Gozan and cities Maday. Some resemblance to the ancient Israelites Pathans tradition: having circumcision for boys on the eighth day, patrilineal (Mr. Line), using Talith (Cloak Prayer) Tsitsit, marriage (Hupah), women habits (washing in the river), the marriage of the family mother or father (Yibum), Very honoring the father, the ban on meat-eating horses and camels, to get 12 Shabbat Hallah bread, turn the candles during Shabbat, Yom Kippur, curing diseases with the help of the Psalms (Psalms placed under the patient, the name Hebrew names in the villages and the name of Moses, and use the Star of David symbol. they lived as tribes were dispersed and have the legal tradition of Pashtunwali or the Pashtun law similar to the laws of the Torah. Pathans tradition marriage law, which requires brother man marries his brother’s widow, who died without descendants, just as ancient Israel (Deuteronomy 25:5-6). Pathans also sacrifice a goat redemption tradition, just like in the ancient Israel imposes on the sins of the whole nation of sheep were driven into the desert and slaughtered (Im16 ).
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