Home » Archives for Pathogens

Innate immunity as the first line of defense
The innate immune system is an ancient mechanism of host defense in almost all multicellular organisms from plants to humans. In invertebrates, the defense mechanism against pathogens, but in higher vertebrates is the first line of defense. The role of the innate immune system is different from us and others, and between pathogens and pathogens, but also plays an important role in the initiation and optimization of the adaptive immune response. This remarkable system gives non-specific immediate response against microorganisms, while the adaptive immune system mounts a specific response against invading pathogens during the late phase of infection.

Continue Reading

Like all plants, the leaves of the mango blight caused by a number of issues, including levels of nutrients, pathogens, pests and other environmental stressors. It is important to correctly identify the object before treatment to avoid further complications. plantation at the back grows in popularity, and gardeners have a range of cultivars resistant to pests and diseases that choice. But Florida remains the only U.S. state that commercially produced mango.

Continue Reading

Hi there!

Hello! Welcome to Authspot, the spot for creative writing.
Read some stories and poems, and be sure to subscribe to our feed!

Find the Spot

Loading